Essay gangsterism among teenagers - reflective paper topics









essay gangsterism among teenagers

essay gangsterism among teenagersEssay gangsterism among teenagers -In reality, as mentioned earlier, a planning process often is time-limited by proposal deadlines, the severity of the need (if teenagers are dying every day by gunfire, a violence prevention program needs to get under way quickly), the requirements of other partners or funders, etc.Staff of the organization that will run it, members of the target population, community officials, interested citizens, and people from involved agencies, schools, and other institutions all should be invited to the table. Some people might not want to be involved - they may feel it takes too much time, or they don't have the skills needed.If you're simply going to ignore their ideas and recommendations, you shouldn't consult at all.These include actual policy makers, but also encompass people influential in the community at large, who can help or block an intervention by their support or opposition.The trick is to balance participation and time restraints, and to try to use the highest level of participation possible under the circumstances.Whether your planning will need an outside facilitator or not depends largely on the character of your community and the character of the relationships among its different elements.In this section, we'll explore what a participatory planning process is, why it's valuable, its potential advantages and disadvantages, and how to use it to plan an effective intervention - one where everything goes right.Administrators and line staff, volunteers, current participants, board members, and supporters.There are a number of ways to consider participatory planning.Your message may need to be in both English and Spanish, for instance, or in a number of languages, in order to reach everyone.Be sure also that your message appears in places where it will be seen or heard by those it's aimed at.Many seniors have the time, the desire, and the experience to be excellent community volunteers.Her skills may be needed to handle that difficult individual referred to earlier, or to help different racial groups overcome their mutual suspicion.This can be preferable to the officials themselves attending, since the aides often have a great deal of influence over their bosses, and are also more likely to have the time to participate fully.In a situation where a diverse core group has initiated the process, it may make sense for that group to convene a first meeting. In other cases - particularly where the organization will need a large amount of community support to make it work - it may make sense to present the intervention as the project of your organization.For every horror story, however, there's a story about an intervention where everything went right.When an organization decides to take on a community intervention - whether a full -fledged service program or a one-time campaign to accomplish one specific goal - it can often increase its chance of success by using a participatory planning process.The word "partnership" implies a relationship of equals, where everyone has an equal voice, and where power and responsibility are equally shared.In a situation where divisions are deep, or where no one available has the needed skills to keep the planning process on track, there may be a need for a neutral and experienced facilitator.Everyone actually gets to participate in the planning process, and has some role in decision-making. Many low-income or minority individuals and groups feel that they have no voice in the society, that they are not listened to even when they are asked for their opinions.essay gangsterism among teenagersIf that person is identified with a particular group, then that group will probably be seen as in charge of the planning process."No, it's the same as it was before, except now they make us sit in meetings and tell them what we think before they ignore us. They're just going through the motions, so they can tell the public they're doing something different." The ideal answer here is everyone who is affected by the proposed intervention, but that's seldom possible, or even desirable.Choose someone to guide the planning process Someone - realistically, it's usually the director or another administrator of the organization that will conduct the intervention, but it could be a Board chair, an outside facilitator, or a community member - has to monitor what's happening and make sure that nothing derails the planning." Answers here will vary greatly, depending upon the nature of the intervention.As demonstrated in the discussion above of advantages and disadvantages, this kind of process always presents, even at best, a trade-off between efficiency and inclusiveness. David Wilcox, in his excellent "Guide to Effective Participation," sets out the following as a model of the different possible levels of participation: Each of these levels may be appropriate in different circumstances, or with different groups, although only at "deciding together" and above do they really begin to be fully participatory in the sense that the term is used in this section.Once the planning process has started, it has to be maintained.As with any process, it's important to start where the participants feel comfortable, and to work from there.In reality, there should be strong and effective representation for everyone involved, including: Targets of change are the people at whom the intervention is aimed or whom it is intended to benefit. teen mothers, for a job training program aimed at teen parents) or very general (the community as a whole, for a smoking prevention and cessation initiative aimed at everyone in the community).In general, it also makes sense to include members of the community, especially if: Even if the community is not a specific stakeholder, it may make sense to involve community members in a planning process.A truly participatory process would include not only everyone being heard, but also everyone thrashing out ideas and goals, and wrestling with new concepts.That means both using plain, understandable English, and using other languages spoken by people in the community.As you try to determine what level of participation is right for your situation, consider this: A participatory planning process has the potential to become a charade meant only to convince the community that a participatory process is going on.The obvious first step toward starting a participatory planning process is finding people to participate.If the taxpayers will be asked to pay for it directly - through property taxes, for instance, as they would be for many school programs - then both community officials and ordinary taxpayers should have some voice in it.The workers actually have some control over production." The father-in-law, however, quickly burst the bubble.Being asked for an opinion and then ignored is much more insulting and infuriating than never being asked in the first place.If you're trying to inform only specific groups in the community, start with people in those groups you already know.That doesn't mean that people can't challenge others' assumptions, or argue about what the best strategy might be.To determine who should participate, the best question to ask is "Who will be directly affected by this intervention?Each team included workers from each step in the car manufacturing process, and was meant to be responsible for the building of a whole car from start to finish. essay gangsterism among teenagers A facilitator with no personal stake in the process or the community may be able to see - and defuse - the dynamics among the groups involved in the process.Your intervention may not need all, or even many of these groups or individuals.The list of possible participants earlier in this section is one place to start.Since they assumed they knew what was needed, they planned the whole thing themselves..failed miserably.In order for this to happen, those with less education and "status" often need extra support, both to learn the process and to believe that their opinions and ideas are important and worth stating. While these disadvantages present potential or real challenges to the success of a participatory planning process, overcoming them may tremendously increase the possibility of designing and carrying out an effective community intervention.Acknowledgment also implies having enough respect for another's opinion to argue with it.Get the word out If your process is meant to be as inclusive as possible, then you should be using as many avenues as possible to inform the community about it - press releases, newspaper stories, fliers, posters, and public service announcements (PSA's) on radio and television, as well as community presentations, personal contact (either face-to-face or by phone), mailings, etc.In some communities, or with some groups, several smaller meetings, or meetings with one or two or three individuals may be the way to start.In some of these situations, a participatory process can cause as many problems as never involving people at all.At the very least, people deserve an explanation of why their advice isn't being followed.The time, place, and tone of this meeting are all important in making sure that people will be willing to participate in it and in the process that follows.If the police or other community employees are to be asked to take on extra duties or to cooperate in specific ways to make the intervention work, they should be included in the planning.Identify the stakeholders How do you define stakeholders?Some people's opinions may be listened to more carefully than those of others.Furthermore, each team was supposed to be able to change its procedures to make them more efficient or easier, and thus to improve production through the knowledge and skill of team members.The planning process may be a rubber stamp for ideas that have already been developed.A community initiative to offer treatment to substance abusers, for instance, could involve, among others: These might include parents, youth, or school personnel, for instance, for an intervention dealing with youth.Community participation in planning will help to assure that support.There are really two groups to be considered here: Agents of change are the people who make or influence policy or public opinion.You may be talking about thousands of people, too many for an effective planning process. essay gangsterism among teenagers Participants have to continue to be interested, support has to be provided when it's needed, conflicts have to be resolved, methods have to be devised to keep the process reasonably efficient, goals and deadlines have to be set, etc.Everyone who's ever worked in health or human services knows at least one horror story about an intervention that either went wrong or never worked for a minute.These should always include, at the very least, members of the organization's staff and Board and the target population.True participation means that everyone has a voice which must be acknowledged.An adult educator related a conversation with his father-in-law, who worked in a factory of one of the big Detroit automakers.Be sure that your message is simple and clear, and in the languages that the community speaks.Policy makers If elected officials agree to be involved in your planning, they'll often send aides to represent them.Finding the right person to fill this role is extremely important.It does mean, however, that everyone's thoughts are respected, and it isn't necessarily assumed that the professionals or the well -educated automatically know what's best.He has to be able to communicate well with everyone involved, to see the big picture as well as the details, and to deal gracefully with both interpersonal and logistical problems.It takes time, commitment both to the process and the end product (the partnership), and the willingness to air and work through disagreements and philosophical differences.Depending upon the community, it could be important to think carefully about who should be in that position.In those situations, a Board chair or director would be the logical choice to convene the planning process.Supermarkets, laundromats, cafes, minority-language radio and TV stations, particular agencies, etc. Choose someone to convene the process Regardless of what happens afterwards, someone needs to call people together and run a first meeting.Some things you can do to help make it successful: A large meeting is not always the best way to convene a process.In many of these cases, you'll find that the target population - and often the larger community as well - was included in the planning of the intervention from the beginning.(That's why an outside facilitator is sometimes a good investment.) Do you need an outside facilitator?Everyone's participation should be welcomed and respected, and the process shouldn't be dominated by any individual or group, or by a single point of view. Particular individuals or groups may feel left out and disrespected if they're not invited to participate.All too often, low-income or minority members of a planning team or governing board are treated with reverse condescension, as if anything they say must be true and profound.They can also help you decide where to place other information so the target groups will be likely to encounter it. essay gangsterism among teenagers If you're simply going to ignore their ideas and recommendations, you shouldn't consult at all. essay gangsterism among teenagers

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