Diversity in medicine essay - reflective paper topics









diversity in medicine essay

diversity in medicine essayDiversity in medicine essay -The key to understanding the positive influence of diversity is the concept of informational diversity.They might not like it, but the hard work can lead to better outcomes.When a black person presented a dissenting perspective to a group of whites, the perspective was perceived as more novel and led to broader thinking and consideration of alternatives than when a white person introduced that same dissenting perspective.How a student social worker identified key diversity issues When Lucy Dobbs, community care worker and student social worker at Leicester Council, was assigned to Jamie Crawley*, a mixed race man with complex physical and learning disabilities, she quickly identified hurdles to overcome.“She went into someone’s house who said they didn’t mind working with an Asian woman but they didn’t want to work with a Muslim.Texts such as Siobhan Laird’s Anti-Oppressive Social Work or Robert Mullaly’s Challenging Oppression are a good start but individual reflection is often considered the easiest way of achieving this on a day-to-day basis.Firstly, as his mother, Jacinda*, recalls, he was not a happy 22-year-old.More than 350 students from three universities participated in the study.This is how diversity works: by promoting hard work and creativity; by encouraging the consideration of alternatives even before any interpersonal interaction takes place. In just the same way, we need diversity—in teams, organizations and society as a whole—if we are to change, grow and innovate.This year Richard Freeman, an economics professor at Harvard University and director of the Science and Engineering Workforce Project at the National Bureau of Economic Research, along with Wei Huang, a Harvard economics Ph. candidate, examined the ethnic identity of the authors of 1.5 million scientific papers written between 19 using Thomson Reuters's Web of Science, a comprehensive database of published research.Even simply being exposed to diversity can change the way you think.Next, Dobbs recognised the family’s mixed cultural heritage – Jacinda is Hindi and her husband is white British – needed to be addressed.“The family actively pursued religious celebrations from both the Christian and Hindu culture; they felt exposing the children to both sides of the culture was important to them,” she says.In 2006 Margaret Neale of Stanford University, Gregory Northcraft of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and I set out to examine the impact of racial diversity on small decision-making groups in an experiment where sharing information was a requirement for success.In a multicultural society, social workers are expected to recognise diversity in their practice and actively tackle oppression.Moreover, they found that stronger papers were associated with a greater number of author addresses; geographical diversity, and a larger number of references, is a reflection of more intellectual diversity.” She says this assertive approach is less confrontational and gives people an opportunity to start a dialogue on diversity issues.What good comes from diversity of race, ethnicity, gender and sexual orientation?People have lost those spaces.”Peer learning Managers can also play a role in facilitating peer learning.But when members of a group notice that they are socially different from one another, they change their expectations.For example, business professors Cristian Deszö of the University of Maryland and David Ross of Columbia University studied the effect of gender diversity on the top firms in Standard & Poor's Composite 1500 list, a group designed to reflect the overall U. Then they looked at the financial performance of the firms.diversity in medicine essayIn their words, they found that, on average, “female representation in top management leads to an increase of $42 million in firm value.” They also measured the firms' “innovation intensity” through the ratio of research and development expenses to assets.Everyone was told to prepare to convince their meeting partner to come around to their side; half of the subjects, however, were told to prepare to make their case to a member of the opposing political party, and half were told to make their case to a member of their own party.Research on racial diversity in small groups, however, makes it possible to draw some causal conclusions.They found that companies that prioritized innovation saw greater financial gains when women were part of the top leadership ranks.A male and a female engineer might have perspectives as different from one another as an engineer and a physicist—and that is a good thing.They anticipate differences of opinion and perspective.Diversity jolts us into cognitive action in ways that homogeneity simply does not.Large data-set studies have an obvious limitation: they only show that diversity is correlated with better performance, not that it causes better performance.Social workers should apply anti-discriminatory practice where necessary, but as Ward explains, this can often involve challenging oppressive attitudes from service users – in simple terms, standing up for yourself.The result: Democrats who were told that a fellow Democrat disagreed with them prepared less well for the discussion than Democrats who were told that a Republican disagreed with them. When disagreement comes from a socially different person, we are prompted to work harder.We put together three-person groups—some consisting of all white members, others with two whites and one nonwhite member—and had them perform a murder mystery exercise.The groups with racial diversity significantly outperformed the groups with no racial diversity.Group members were asked to discuss a prevailing social issue (either child labor practices or the death penalty) for 15 minutes.They found that papers written by diverse groups receive more citations and have higher impact factors than papers written by people from the same ethnic group.Sure enough, the researchers found that companies with one or more women on the board delivered higher average returns on equity, lower gearing (that is, net debt to equity) and better average growth.This makes obvious sense when we talk about diversity of disciplinary backgrounds—think again of the interdisciplinary team building a car. People who are different from one another in race, gender and other dimensions bring unique information and experiences to bear on the task at hand.In collaboration with judges and jury administrators in a Michigan courtroom, Sommers conducted mock jury trials with a group of real selected jurors.But she warns: “Supervision emerged as a way of people engaging and developing and to give a forum for people to do that, but now when people talk about supervision it’s much more about making sure people are doing their job.Research on large, innovative organizations has shown repeatedly that this is the case. First, they examined the size and gender composition of firms' top management teams from 1992 through 2006.Next, we asked the subjects to prepare for a meeting with another group member by writing an essay communicating their perspective. diversity in medicine essay “Although social workers might understand how I have cultural needs, that isn’t going to get me to the top of the tree to gain services,” says Hardesty, a wheelchair user.Sommers composed the six-person juries with either all white jurors or four white and two black jurors.S., then put together a database comparing financial performance, racial diversity and the emphasis the bank presidents put on innovation.It is reasonable to ask what good diversity does us.(Editor’s note (1/30/17): In response to President Donald Trump’s immigration order to close U. borders to refugees and visitors from seven predominantly Muslim countries, which has impacted scientists and students, we are republishing the following article from our 2014 special report on how diversity powers science and innovation.) The first thing to acknowledge about diversity is that it can be difficult. S., where the dialogue of inclusion is relatively advanced, even the mention of the word “diversity” can lead to anxiety and conflict.Personalised approach Some social work leaders see an opportunity to restore this balance through taking a personalised approach.The pain associated with diversity can be thought of as the pain of exercise. Consider the following scenario: You are writing up a section of a paper for presentation at an upcoming conference.Responsibility for learning more about diversity issues starts with individuals.This should be accompanied by supervision incorporating diversity, says Nicki Ward, Social Work Action Network (Swan) member and social work lecturer at the University of Birmingham.Diversity can improve the bottom line of companies and lead to unfettered discoveries and breakthrough innovations.She highlights the importance of striking a better balance between service user choice and the principles of diversity, noting that social workers have a right to work in an environment without discrimination too.In a study conducted in 2003, Orlando Richard, a professor of management at the University of Texas at Dallas, and his colleagues surveyed executives at 177 national banks in the U.To find out who committed the murder, the group members would have to share all the information they collectively possessed during discussion.The lesson: when we hear dissent from someone who is different from us, it provokes more thought than when it comes from someone who looks like us. For example, last year professors of management Denise Lewin Loyd of the University of Illinois, Cynthia Wang of Oklahoma State University, Robert B.The researchers wrote dissenting opinions and had both black and white members deliver them to their groups.As you might expect, the diverse juries were better at considering case facts, made fewer errors recalling relevant information and displayed a greater openness to discussing the role of race in the case.Social workers must also challenge oppressive thinking among colleagues where necessary.“I had a social work student who was a young Asian woman who was a Muslim,” she recalls.Sadd goes one step further, saying that social workers should involve themselves in mass action to challenge prejudice and injustice against marginalised groups – as some members of Swan are already doing. diversity in medicine essay This is particularly useful for diversity issues because people bring personal experience as well as professional perspectives.Research has shown that social diversity in a group can cause discomfort, rougher interactions, a lack of trust, greater perceived interpersonal conflict, lower communication, less cohesion, more concern about disrespect, and other problems. The fact is that if you want to build teams or organizations capable of innovating, you need diversity. It encourages the search for novel information and perspectives, leading to better decision making and problem solving.For innovation-focused banks, increases in racial diversity were clearly related to enhanced financial performance.Supreme Court justices disagree on the virtues of diversity and the means for achieving it.Our subjects were undergraduate students taking business courses at the University of Illinois.Diversity is not only about bringing different perspectives to the table.You are anticipating some disagreement and potential difficulty communicating because your collaborator is American and you are Chinese.Evidence for the benefits of diversity can be found well beyond the U. In August 2012 a team of researchers at the Credit Suisse Research Institute issued a report in which they examined 2,360 companies globally from 2005 to 2011, looking for a relationship between gender diversity on corporate management boards and financial performance.Joe Mairura, interim board member of the College of Social Work, says it is important to create a space where social workers can learn from each other.Hardesty recommends asking: “Do you realise what you just said?More important, in all cases, we told the participants that their partner disagreed with their opinion but that they would need to come to an agreement with the other person.I asked her what she did about that and she said she felt it was just a person’s choice.” Ward says in scenarios like this, it is important for social workers to actively challenge discriminatory behaviour in a calm and diplomatic way.We made sure that all group members shared a common set of information, but we also gave each member important clues that only he or she knew.With stringent budget restrictions in councils making their impact felt on marginalised communities, perhaps now is the time to embrace the reform board’s diversity standard in just such terms.“He was not living a life; lying on his bed with no friends and no socialising,” she says.Being with similar others leads us to think we all hold the same information and share the same perspective.This logic helps to explain both the upside and the downside of social diversity: people work harder in diverse environments both cognitively and socially.No one can ever hope to understand all aspects of diversity as they apply to every individual without doing this, she says.This perspective, which stopped the all-white groups from effectively processing the information, is what hinders creativity and innovation. In 2004 Anthony Lising Antonio, a professor at the Stanford Graduate School of Education, collaborated with five colleagues from the University of California, Los Angeles, and other institutions to examine the influence of racial and opinion composition in small group discussions.Simply adding social diversity to a group makes people believe that differences of perspective might exist among them and that belief makes people change their behavior. diversity in medicine essay When a black person presented a dissenting perspective to a group of whites, the perspective was perceived as more novel and led to broader thinking and consideration of alternatives than when a white person introduced that same dissenting perspective. diversity in medicine essay

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