City cox essay harvey honor in in religion secular - reflective paper topics









city cox essay harvey honor in in religion secular

city cox essay harvey honor in in religion secularCity cox essay harvey honor in in religion secular -His disillusionment with the churches on moral grounds gradually led down the road towards and atheism while still retaining the moral fervor of his evangelical background.All the fathers of the Church, without exception, believed in the power of magic.Later he took a position as a professor of mathematics and natural philosophy at to work as secretary for the American Anti-Slavery Society.As for a future life, every man must judge for himself between conflicting vague probabilities." "It appears to me (whether rightly or wrongly) that direct arguments against and theism produce hardly any effect on the public; and freedom of thought is best promoted by the gradual illumination of men's minds which follows from the advance of science." [Quoted in How We Believe: The Search for God in an Age of Science by Michael 's first law partner: "He was an avowed and open infidel, and sometimes bordered on Atheism...He professed himself an Agnostic, regarding the problem of the universe as beyond our solution, "For myself," he wrote, "I do not believe in any revelation.They made him not only anthropomorphic, but of the very lowest type, jealous and revengeful, loving violence rather than mercy.When science was a child, religion sought to strangle it in the cradle. Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-born American industrialist and philanthropist (1835-1919). OCEAN: A body of water occupying about two thirds of a world made for man- who has no gills. In the definition of occident, he claims of the Hypocrites, whose principal industries are murder and cheating, which they are pleased to call 'war' and 'commerce'".I could never give assent to the long, complicated statements of Christian dogma." Lincoln in a letter to Judge J. Wakefield, after the death of Willie Lincoln: "My earlier views of the unsoundness of the Christian scheme of salvation and the human origin of the scriptures have become clearer and stronger with advancing years, and I see no reason for thinking I shall ever change them." As a young man apparently wrote a manuscript that he planned to publish, which vehemently argued against the divine origin of the Bible and the Christian scheme of salvation.William H Herndon, a former law partner, wrote a biography on became a sincere believer."Many a long dispute among divines may be thus abridged: It is so; It is not so. Theodore Roosevelt called him a 'filthy little atheist.' . It is a history of wickedness, that has served to corrupt and brutalize mankind; and, for my own part, I sincerely detest it, as I detest everything that is cruel." The Age of Reason also attacks Christianity as a system of superstition that "produces fanatics" and "serves the purposes of despotism." When the book reached , several sellers were convicted of blasphemy and jailed.If there was an all-powerful God, he would have made all good, and no bad." [Mark Twain in Eruption] "Our Bible reveals to us the character of our god with minute and remorseless exactness... "God is dead." [Thus Antichrist] He had encouraged people to fear their bodies, their passions and their sexuality and had promoted a puling morality of compassion which had made us weak.While at Yale he became interested in the anti-slavery cause.As a young woman, she was briefly under the spell of fundamentalist religion.Auguste Comte, French philosopher and mathematician (1798-1857). You can find out more about him at the Dead Sociologists Index. Other thinkers were also influenced by including Nietzsche and Freud.Another cause that he devoted himself to was that of conservation.Consequences will take care of themselves." "Henceforward, I might hope to hear no more of the assertion that we [Agnostics] are necessarily Materialists, Idealists, Atheists, Theists, or any other , if experience had led me to think that the proved falsity of a statement was any guarantee against its reputation.You can find more information about Giordano Bruno at Not an atheist, but an early advocate for the subordination of the church to the state. "Voltaire", French author and playwright (1694-1778). Perhaps never really an atheist, nonetheless, Voltaire changed late in life into a fearless crusader against religious cruelty and injustice.Religion belonged to the infancy of the human race; it had been a necessary stage in the transition from childhood to maturity.Samuel Hill, a friend and mentor, convinced him to drop it, considering the disastrous consequences it would have on his political career.[Women Without Elizabeth's daughter, Margaret Stanton Lawrence, recalled, "We children have only pleasant memories of a happy home, of a sunny, cheerful, indulgent mother, whose great effort was to save us from all the fears that shadow the lives of most cox essay harvey honor in in religion secularAttempts to resolve this problem by emphasizing the transcendence and incomprehensibility of God was to him simply evasiveness.This occupation with ideas of immortality is for people of rank, and especially for ladies who have nothing to do. the churches been guardians of the liberties of the people." "Religious bondage shackles and debilitates the mind and unfits it for every noble enterprise." [ Lord George Gordon Byron, British poet (1788-1824).She wrote of the Bible, "I found nothing grand in the morals inculcated in the Pentateuch.Her criticism of religion was not limited to "organized religion," which is popularly disparaged today.That is he sought to answer the There he proposed a scientific ethics in which J. Mill's utilitarianism would be synthesized with evolutionary theory.These are people throughout history who have advocated living life without deference to a transcendent power. The purposes of this list are to combat the pervasive myth that atheists are terrible, immoral people and to convince the undecided that it is OK to be an atheist."The universe is all the God there is." "Our ignorance is God; what we know is science." "With soap, baptism is a good thing." "The clergy know that I know that they know that they do not know." "There is no harmony between religion and science. He said that he did not, in view of the fact that he had been dead for billions and billions of years before he was born, and had not suffered the slightest inconvenience from it. RELIGION: A daughter of Hope and Fear, explaining to Ignorance the nature of the Unknowable.I know of no other books that so fully teach the subjection and degradation of women." [Women Her own religious beliefs evolved over the course of her life.In fact while Thomas Huxley was the person who coined the term agnostic it was Stephen who popularized it.It seems to me he did come to believe in God but never accepted organized Christianity. "No man who ever lived knows any more about the hereafter ... is simply evolved out of chicanery, fear, greed, imagination and poetry." "The idea of God, infinity, or spirit stands for the possible attempt at an impossible conception." Mikhail was a weapon of the state that must be abolished to make human self-determination possible.This expressed his disgust with humanity and his inability to believe in God.She is in the camp of other freethinkers of her time, such as Robert Green .By 1862 his developing religious doubts led him to resign his fellowship and by 1864 he left for good.The many have appealed to prejudice, to fear, to miracle, to slavery, to the unknown, and to misery hereafter. Samuel Clemens "Mark the parts of the Bible that I can't understand that bother me, it is the parts that I do understand." "Religion consists in a set of things which the average man thinks he believes and wishes he was certain of." "There is no other life; life itself is only a vision and a dream for nothing exists but space and you. Friedrich Nietzsche, German philologist and philosopher (1844-1900)."It would be very nice if there were a God who created the world and was a benevolent providence, and if there were a moral order in the universe and an after-life; but it is a very striking fact that all this is exactly as we are bound to wish it to be." "In the long run, nothing can withstand reason and experience, and the contradiction religion offers to both is palpable." "The whole thing is so patently infantile, so foreign to reality, that to anyone with a friendly attitude to humanity it is painful to think that the great majority of mortals will never be able to rise above this view of life." Freud certainly regarded belief in God as an illusion that mature men and women should lay aside.When such references occurred, "Nature" and "God" became interchangeable.A country priest who led an exemplary life, he died an atheist.Leslie Stephen's agnosticism was rooted in considerations of the problem of evil.It is so; it is not so." "The way to see by faith is to shut the eye of reason." David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (1711-1776). its falsehood would be more miraculous than the fact which it endeavors to establish." [Of Miracles] "The Christian religion not only was at first attended with miracles, but even at this day cannot be believed by any reasonable person without one." "When I hear a man is religious, I conclude that he is a rascal, although I have known some instances of very good men being religious." Visit The Hume Archives for more information on David Hume. "Persecution is not an original feature in any religion; but it is always the strongly marked feature of all religions established by law." "All national institutions of churches, whether Jewish, Christian or Turkish to me no other than human inventions, set up to terrify and enslave mankind and monopolize power and profit." You can see all the writings of Thomas Paine at the Internet Infidels web site.As commissioner he sought to place the industry on sound scientific actuarial principles. city cox essay harvey honor in in religion secular The Church always condemned magic, but she always believed in it: she did not excommunicate sorcerers as madmen who were mistaken, but as men who were really in communication with the devil." [Philosophical Dictionary, 1764] "Nothing can be more contrary to religion and the clergy than reason and common sense." [Philosophical Dictionary, 1764] "When he that speaks, and he to whom he speaks, neither of them understand what is meant, that is metaphysics." "Doubt is not a pleasant condition, but certainty is absurd." Jean , French erstwhile priest (1678-1733).Leslie Stephen was born into a family of prominent Evangelicals of the he was made a fellow which in those days required taking holy orders and he was ordained an Anglican priest.She decries "superstition," which probably indicates all religious belief, and trumpets rationalism and reason.He married Thackeray's daughter, Harriet Marian in 1867 but she died in 1875 leaving him one child.Such apologetics was in his view simply a disguised skepticism.Religion was a device used by the rich to oppress the poor and render them powerless.He later married Julia Jackson Duckworth and had four children including his best known child the novelist Virginia He also wrote extensively on history, religion, and philosophy.234: "John's bad press in the monastic chronicles may be attributed to his failures as a king *and his cynical contempt for religion*; he Not an atheist, but a "heretic" who was in conflict with the church over his cosmological theories.Giving ourselves, then, no trouble about the future, let us make the most of the present, and fill up our lives with earnest work here." ["The Pleasures of Age," in The Boston Investigator, hailed the changes since the Bible had been written, when "rationalism took the place of religion and reason triumphed over superstition." Elizabeth Cady Stanton lived her life without deference to a higher power and advocated such living for others.Towards the end of his life Wright openly described himself as an "infidel," an "atheist," and a "pagan." He called himself a "materialist" in the tradition of Spinoza, Paine, Darwin, and Huxley.In 1847 he wrote "Christianity is itself a total failure..."A jealous lover of human liberty, and deeming it the absolute condition of all that we admire and respect in humanity, I reverse the phrase of Voltaire, and say that if God really existed, it would be necessary to abolish him." was described at her funeral as "a fearless, serene agnostic." She was tireless in her criticism of religion and the Bible, decrying their denigration of women.He was quite partial to the Positivism of August Comte. He used his mathematical training to establish himself as an insurance actuary and this led him to one of other favorite causes--that of life insurance far as it is a plan of saving souls for a future life without saving souls and bodies for this." In 1860 he wrote to his friend .Karl Marx, German political philosopher and economist (1818-1883). the opium of the people, which made this suffering bearable." [Quoted in A History of God] You can find out more about Marx at The Karl Marx and Fredrick The old religion said 'Heaven help us!Confucius' teaching can be considered a noteworthy Chinese variant of humanism. Consequently, he said, death need not be a matter of anxious concern, inasmuch as it is merely the state in which all sensation ceases.And those who appreciate the nature of our position will see, at once, that when Ecclesiasticism declares that we ought to believe this, that, and the other, and are very wicked if we don't, it is impossible for us to give any answer but this: We have not the slightest objection to believe anything you like, if you will give us good grounds for belief; but, if you cannot, we must respectfully refuse, even if that refusal should wreck morality and insure our own damnation several times over.The idea of God was not a lie but a device of the unconscious which needed to be decoded by psychology."No testimony is sufficient to establish a miracle, unless . You can find more information about Thomas Paine at In addition to The Science of Ethics, Stephen wrote many other works including Essays on Freethinking and , American politician and lecturer (1833-1899). Poem Christmas 1924: "After two thousand years of mass, we've got as far as poison gas" Ambrose Bierce, American writer (1842-1914? Author of FAITH: Belief without evidence in what is told by one who speaks without knowledge, of things without parallel. city cox essay harvey honor in in religion secular [A History of God] Benjamin Franklin, American statesman, scientist, writer, printer (1706-1790). This is the most disgusting dogma of Christian religion, the greatest insult to the Highest Being, the climax of madness and insanity." ( in The Demon Haunted World, "later generations reviled him for his social and religious views. He is probably the most illustrious American Revolutionary " Paine wrote in The Age of Reason, "Whenever we read the obscene stories, the voluptuous debaucheries, the cruel and torturous executions, the unrelenting vindictiveness with which more than half the Bible [by which Paine means the Old Testament] is filled, it would be more consistent that we called it the word of a demon than the word of God.He went further against Christian beliefs and doctrines and principles than any man I ever heard." Joseph Lewis quoting Christianity my profession.The course of the past has impressed us with the firm conviction that no good ever comes out of falsehood, and we feel warranted in refusing even to experiment in that direction" [essay "Agnosticism and Christianity"] 's most famous agnostics of the nineteenth century.Marx saw religion as "the sigh of the oppressed creature . ' Our new one, from its very lack of that faith in a heaven, will teach us all the more to help one another" A George Eliot web site. Walt reportedly said, "God is a mean-spirited, pugnacious bully bent on revenge against His children for failing to live up to his impossible an agnostic."If God has spoken, why is the world not convinced." "It is easier to suppose that the universe has existed for all eternity than to conceive a being beyond its limits capable of creating it." You can find more information about Shelley at The Essence of Christianity electrified the Young Hegelians, particularly influencing the youthful Karl Marx who adopted and extended its theory of alienation.From the biography, Eleanor of Aquitaine (John's mother) by Alison Weir, p.Rationale for Selection | Contributors | Resources | Distribution | To Contribute Confucius, Chinese philosopher (551-479 BCE). Spiritual reality does not exist; what appears to be spiritual is attributed simply to As a Materialist, Epicurus accepted the idea that the soul consists of atomic material which disintegrates at death, at which time all sensation ceases.It had promoted ethical values which were essential to society.It was while working for the Abolitionist movement that Wright gradually became disillusioned with the Christian churches and their perceived tolerance for slavery and their general hypocrisy over this issue.Thrown out of Oxford University for writing the essay, The Necessity of Atheism in 1810. He began his philosophical career as a Hegelian idealist but soon moved in the direction of materialism thus encouraging the Young Hegelians with whom he was associated to move.Interestingly enough despite the fact that he was (or perhaps because he was) a leading atheist a number of twentieth century theologians have taken an interest in his thought including Karl .It makes Nero an angel of light and leading by contrast" [Reflections on Religion, 1906] "O Lord our God, help us tear their soldiers to bloody shreds with our shells; help us to cover their smiling fields with the pale forms of their patriot dead; help us to drown the thunder of the guns with the shrieks of their wounded, writhing in pain; help us to lay waste their humble homes with a hurricane of fire; help us to wring the hearts of their unoffending widows with unavailing grief; help us to turn them out roofless with their little children to wander the wastes of their desolated land in rags and hunger and thirst, sports of the sun flames of summer and the icy winds of winter, broken in spirit, worn with travail, imploring Thee for the refuge of the grave and denied it . ." ["The War Prayer"] "[The Bible is] a mass of fables and traditions, mere mythology." ["Mark Twain and the Bible"] "Man is a marvelous curiosity . "The Bible is an incomplete history and the folklore of an ancient race, but no more inspired, I believe, than the works of Marcus Aurelius and other great men of the day." Olive Sigmund Freud, Austrian physician and pioneer psychoanalyst (1856-1939)."Every sensible man, every honorable man, must hold the Christian sect in horror." "Christianity is the most ridiculous, the most absurd and bloody religion that has ever infected the world." "If we believe absurdities, we shall commit atrocities." "Superstition, born of paganism and adopted by Judaism, invested the Christian Church from earliest times.believed, was the only eternal reality: nothing but matter existed.But a man of real worth who has something to do here, and must toil and struggle to produce day by day, leaves the future world to itself, and is active and useful in this." Pierre Simon de superstition, bigotry, and persecution." "In no instance have . Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (1788-1860). There was, Schopenhauer believed, no Absolute, no Reason, no God, no Spirit at work in the world: nothing but brute instinctive will to live. 353] Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (1792-1822). In that book he argued that religion is the projection of human wishes and is a form of alienation.Her identification of God with nature is a way of celebrating the purely secular without directly denouncing the religious beliefs of others.Now that humanity had come of age, however, it should be left behind.Although Confucianism is often followed in a religious manner by the Chinese, argument continues over whether to refer to it as a religion because it makes little reference to theological or spiritual matters (God(s), the afterlife, etc.). [History of Philosophy] [Visit atheist, but he moved farther in that direction than was common in medieval times.It is perhaps the most damnatory biography that exists in print anywhere. There was no ultimate meaning or value and human beings had no business offering an indulgent alternative in "God." [A History of God] In Thus Spoke , Nietzsche suggests that to call god love is a slander to love, since god wants also to judge, and love should never even see sins in need of forgiveness. "Religion is all bunk." "I have never seen the slightest scientific proof of the religious ideas of heaven and hell, of future life for individuals, or of a personal God." Luther Burbank, American horticulturist and pioneer plant breeder (1849-1926).As a young man he attended Yale with the intention of preparing for a career in the ministry. city cox essay harvey honor in in religion secular Later he took a position as a professor of mathematics and natural philosophy at to work as secretary for the American Anti-Slavery Society. city cox essay harvey honor in in religion secular

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