Citing an online source in an essay - reflective paper topics









citing an online source in an essay

citing an online source in an essayCiting an online source in an essay -Footnotes are not just for interesting comments, however.This guide provides basic explanations and examples for the most common types of citations used by students.Sometimes you may be asked to include these -- especially if you have used a parenthetical style of citation.In order to continue using your account, you have to agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.You can save a lot of time and energy simply by asking "How should I cite my sources," or "What style of citation should I use? In the following sections, we will take you step-by-step through some general guidelines for citing sources.It is based on the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association published in 2010 (2009).Skip two spaces after the footnote before you begin the next sentence.First, you have to think about how you want to identify your sources.A "works cited" page is a list of all the works from which you have borrowed material.Although it stood with its head raised, even its yellowed wings had been eaten by insects.The Chicago Manual of Style Author-Date system is used by scholars in the social sciences and sciences. When you quote, you generally want to be as concise as possible.If you do not know anything about the author, and cannot find any information, it is best to say where you found the source and why you believe it is credible and worth citing.Finally, you should always consult your instructor to determine the form of citation appropriate for your paper.As with all scholarly work, use of maps should be cited. Scale; Name of person who generated map; Name of software used to generate the map or “Title of the Complete Document or Site”. Scale undetermined; generated by George Mc Allister; using “American Fact Finder”. The only real difference is placement -- footnotes appear at the bottom of the relevant page, while endnotes all appear at the end of your document.Most of the time, you can just identify a source and quote from it, as in the first example above.For example, let's say you want to quote from the following passage in an essay called "United Shareholders of America," by Jacob Weisberg: The citizen-investor serves his fellow citizens badly by his inclination to withdraw from the community. He does so by focusing his pursuit of happiness on something that very seldom makes people happy in the way they expect it to.This depends on what type of work you are writing, how you are using the borrowed material, and the expectations of your instructor.To decide whether you should cite your sources in footnotes or in the body of your paper, you should ask your instructor or see our section on citation styles.citing an online source in an essayIf you want your reader to read your notes right away, footnotes are more likely to get your reader's attention.If you must include the footnote in the middle of a sentence for the sake of clarity, or because the sentence has more than one footnote (try to avoid this!Maps are available in a variety of formats and materials: as individual paper sheet maps; as plates or illustrations in atlases, books or journals; as digital image maps in CD-ROMs or on web pages; or as generated by users through online mapping services or GIS software. Median Age: 2000, Wake County, NC by County Subdivision [map].2000. For more information see: Chicago Manual of Style, 14.247, 14.248 Well-known encyclopedias and dictionaries are usually cited in the running text only. "Colorism in the Classroom: How Skin Tone Stratifies African American and Latina/o Students." Theory into Practice 55 (1): 54-61. For more information on documenting sources, see Purdue University's Online Writing Lab.Taking the exact words from an original source is called quoting.If you want to borrow an idea from an author, but do not need his or her exact words, you should try paraphrasing instead of quoting.When your reader comes across the footnote in the main text of your paper, he or she could look down at your comments right away, or else continue reading the paragraph and read your comments at the end.Another useful resource is the (restricted to Concordia users).An annotated bibliography is the same as a bibliography with one important difference: in an annotated bibliography, the bibliographic information is followed by a brief description of the content, quality, and usefulness of the source.Footnotes are notes placed at the bottom of a page.Endnotes, on the other hand, are less intrusive and will not interrupt the flow of your paper.A "works consulted" page is a complement to a "works cited" page, listing all of the works you used, whether they were useful or not. The title is different because "works consulted" pages are meant to complement "works cited" pages, and bibliographies may list other relevant sources in addition to those mentioned in footnotes or endnotes.Here is an example: This is an illustration of a footnote.1 The number “1” at the end of the previous sentence corresponds with the note below. 1 At the bottom of the page you can insert your comments about the sentence preceding the footnote.Choosing to title your bibliography "Works Consulted" or "Selected Bibliography" may help specify the relevance of the sources listed. However, if a formal citation is needed, follow the example below, separating the year and month/day. To make a substitution this important, however, you had better be sure that [money] is what the final phrase meant -- if the author intentionally left it ambiguous, you would be significantly altering his meaning.Your quotation might end up looking like this: In his essay, “United Shareholders of America,” Jacob Weisberg insists that “The citizen-investor serves his fellow citizens badly by his inclination to withdraw from the community. by focusing his pursuit of happiness on something that very seldom makes people happy in the way they expect it to.” The brackets around the word [money] indicate that you have substituted that word for other words the author used.A map should be referenced in two places: Format: Author or statement of responsibility. In this case, you could add the symbol for a footnote. citing an online source in an essay This guide provides basic information on how to cite sources and examples for formatting citations in common citation styles. But often you can just tag this information onto the beginning or end of a sentence.See our section on citation styles for more information.If, however, you are only citing the source to make a minor point, you may consider using parenthetical references, footnotes, or endnotes.You must agree to the changes in order to access your account, and all the work associated with it.For additional information and examples, refer to the Publication Manual. Redlands, CA: Environmental Systems Research Institute, 1992-2004.Otherwise, put it right at the end of the most relevant word.Further examples and explanations are available in Sections 6.05, 6.11-6.21 and Chapter 7 of the Direct quotations allow you to acknowledge a source within your text by providing a reference to exactly where in that source you found the information. "The Piano in the American Home." In The Arts and the American Home, 1890-1930, edited by Jessica H. For other reference works, cite as a book or book chapter. For arts, history, and humanities, see the Notes/Bibliography system. ), try to put it at the end of the most relevant phrase, after a comma or other punctuation mark.When using your own words to refer indirectly to another author's work, you must identify the original source.As a general rule, it is okay to make minor grammatical and stylistic changes to make the quoted material fit in your paper, but it is not okay to significantly alter the structure of the material or its content.Some pro accounts may receive partial refunds - please visit start a refund ticket.This guide provides a basic introduction to the APA citation style.You should say whether they are economic analysts, artists, physicists, etc.That would make you guilty of fraudulent attribution.Because this makes it convenient for your reader, most citation styles require that you use either footnotes or endnotes in your paper.If you do not agree to these changes, you will be logged out and your account will be deactivated. citing an online source in an essay There are also different forms of citation for different disciplines.The Williams Honor System requires you to properly acknowledge sources you have used in course assignments. After finishing “A Fool's Life,” he accidentally discovered a suffered swan in a used goods store.Your reader may find this more convenient than footnotes or endnotes because he or she will not have to wade through all of the comments and other information in order to see the sources from which you drew your material.He thought of his entire life and felt tears and cruel laughter welling up inside. With this gesture Akutagawa ironizes the impossibility of truly writing the self by emphasizing the inevitable split that must occur between writing and written “self,” the Akutagawa still writing “A Fool's Life” cannot possibly be identical with the narrated persona which has finished the work.In this case, however, the paragraph following the one quoted explains that the author is referring to money, so it is okay.Some, however, allow you to make parenthetical references (author, date) in the body of your work.If your sources are very important to your ideas, you should mention the author and work in a sentence that introduces your citation.The manual itself covers many aspects of research writing including selecting a topic, evaluating sources, taking notes, plagiarism, the mechanics of writing, the format of the research paper as well as the way to cite sources.When you have "embedded quotes," or quotations within quotations, you should switch from the normal quotation marks ("") to single quotation marks ('') to show the difference.However, just skipping it would not work -- the final sentence would not make sense without it. In order to do so, you will need to use some editing symbols.So here you would not want to quote the middle sentence, since it is repeated again in the more informative last sentence.If the source is central to your work, you may want to introduce it in a separate sentence or two, summarizing its importance and main ideas.Copies of the manual are available at the Vanier and Webster Libraries' Reference Desks, Reference Collections and on 3-hour Reserve. The Publication Manual is generally used for academic writing in the social sciences.A complete reference must appear in the Reference List at the end of your paper.You should quote material when you believe the way the original author expresses an idea is the most effective means of communicating the point you want to make.Citing sources in this style consists of two parts: The in-text citation points the reader to the full information about the source found in the reference list. A Trial of Witches: a Seventeenth-Century Witchcraft Prosecution. Ko, Chih-Hung, Ju-Yu Yen, Shu-Chun Liu, Chi-Fen Huang, and Cheng-Fang Yen. "The Associations between Aggressive Behaviors and Internet Addiction and Online Activities in Adolescents." It is always better to consult the original source, but if it cannot be obtained, give information about the original source in the running text and include "quoted in" in your in-text citation for the secondary source. Most of the time, paraphrasing and summarizing your sources is sufficient (but remember that you still have to cite them! If you think it’s important to quote something, an excellent rule of thumb is that for every line you quote, you should have at least two lines analyzing it.For example, when you cite sources in a psychology paper you would probably use a different form of citation than you might in a paper for an English class.See How to Format In-Text Citations, How to Format the Reference List, and the examples of types of sources in the left navigation for further details. Include only the secondary source in your reference list. citing an online source in an essay Sometimes you may be asked to include these -- especially if you have used a parenthetical style of citation. citing an online source in an essay

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